The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body set up under Article 315 of the Indian constitution for conducting recruitment to various posts and services under the union government.
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Functions of UPSC
The functions of the Union Public Service Commission as mentioned in Article 320 are:
1. Recruitment for all civil services and civil posts by:
- written examination with or without a viva voce examination or interview to
- supplement them;
2. Advising the Government on disciplinary matters relating to government servants holding civil posts.
Thus we can see that UPSC is the chief recruiting agency of the central government as well as the primary body to tender advice on disciplinary matters relating to civil servants.
Examinations Conducted by UPSC
The important examinations conducted by the UPSC every year include:
- Civil Services Examination for recruitment to IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IRTS and other central civil services.
- NDA and CDS exams
- Combined Medical Services Exam
- Indian Forests Services Exam
- Indian Engineering Services Exam
- Central Police Forces (AC) Exam
- Geologists Exam
And any other exam that the government may from time to time entrust upon it.
Composition of UPSC
The Union Public Service Commission consists of one chairman and 7-10 full-time members apart from one secretary who usually belongs to the IAS.
The UPSC chairman does not sit in any board rather is responsible for overall management and coordination of the commission. Each UPSC member heads a board which consists of guest members having unique subject knowledge or have a distinguished career.
At present the Union Public Service Commission consists of 9 members and a chairman. They are:
Smt. Rajni Razdan (Chairman)
- Smt. Alka Sirohi (IAS-Madhya Pradesh Cadre)
- Prof. David R. Syiemlieh (Academician, Former VC of R.G. University)
- Shri Manbir Singh (ex-IFS)
- Shri Amar Pratap Singh (Former CBI Director)
- Vice Admiral (Retd.) D.K. Dewan
- Shri Vinay Mittal (Former Railway Board Chairman)
- Dr.(Smt.)P. Kilemsungla (Indian educationist)
- Shri Chhatar Singh (Former Prin. Sec. to Haryana CM)
- Prof. Hem Chandra Gupta (Former Professor, IIT Delhi)
As can be seen the UPSC consists of highly distinguished members who have reached a position of eminence in their respective careers.
Every member of the Union Public Service Commission holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. It should be known that all members and the chairman are appointed by the President of India and can be removed only by him on ground of proven misbehaviour after an inquiry by the Supreme Court on reference made by the President.
The actual role of the UPSC members is highlighted during the interviews conducted to various examinations such as the Civil Services exam. Apart from this they are engaged in deliberation, offering advisory functions in disciplinary matters and other related functions.
The Union Public Service Commission is located at Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi-110069 near to India Gate.
The UPSC premises is quite expansive with gardens, office block, examination block, canteen and other buildings. It is guarded round the clock by heavily armed security personnel for obvious reasons.
Applying for UPSC Exams
Earlier aspirants to different UPSC-held exams had to apply through forms available at Head Post Offices across the country. However with the advent and rapid spread of internet across the country UPSC has mandated that candidates have to apply for most of the exams like the Civil Services Exam online only at http://upsconline.nic.in and https://upsc.gov.in.
Even the admit cards are made available online after successful submission of the online application form along with submission of requisite fees. It is suggested that candidates should first apply using secondary email in case they are filling the online application form for the first time to get some practice.
Although veteran candidates who have applied online previously should not face any difficulties.