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How to Start IAS Preparation at Home

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How to Begin Preparing for IAS exam at home? This is the most important question almost all IAS aspirants have when they think of cracking the IAS exam. After all joining a coaching class is not the first strategy that beginners to IAS exam have. This post lists the best ways to start UPSC exam preparation from your home.

#1 What is Your Age and Qualification?

This is very important to know since IAS preparation should be started at the right time, neither too early nor too late. As per UPSC data revealed in its annual reports, most candidates who clear the civil services examination fall in the age bracket of 23-28 years. Of course you can start preparing for IAS exam earlier and later than this age bracket as well. But starting IAS preparatin when you are, say, 15 years old (in school) may be too early. You can start preparing for IAS when you are in your final year of graduation, usually, 20-22 years.

#2 Know the Basics of the IAS Exam

Before you start preparing for UPSC exam from or outside your home, you should know some important information related to the civil services examination including: What is the IAS exam, the eligibility for ias exam, and syllabus. Once you have good knowledge of the basics of the IAS exam, you will realise that IAS preparation requires an integrated approach to Prelims and Mains exams. Only the preparation method varies. For prelims you will need to cover vast amount of information but you don’t need to go too muc in depth. But for Mains, it’s the other way around. The syllabus is well-defined so you know what to cover but you have to cover every aspect of this well-defined syllabus since the Mains exam is descriptive or written.

#3 Get the Right Books for IAS Exam

When you plan to prepare for IAS from your home means you are currently not looking to enroll for some coaching class, which is just fine as IAS exam can be cleared without coaching. But you will need to get these recommended books for IAS. Read these books at least twice: The first time from cover to cover and the second time read the most important chapters again and again to get the most out of these IAS books. Of course, if you can go through the books once again before the Prelims or Mains it is an added boost since your memory will be fresh right before the exam.

You should also know which NCERTs to read for IAS exam.

#4 Read the Right Newspaper and Magazines

If you didn’t already know this, current affairs and general awareness are very important topics for Prelims and you can expect at least 30-40 current affairs and general awareness questions in Paper 1 (general studies). So how do you cover these topics when you start your IAS preparation? You should read atleast one good newspaper daily and one good current affairs magazine. You can read the Indian Express or The Hindu. Both are good sources of current affairs and important editorials that will help you in your Prelims as well as GS Mains papers. Know how to read the newspaper for IAS. I also suggest you should read a reliable magazine like Pratyogita Darpan (available in English and Hindi) when you begin your UPSC preparation from home.

Additionally, to get a boost to your preparation efforts you should subscribe to weekly current affairs updates that are focussed on the IAS exam and will save your time and effort in searching for information from different sources.

#5 Prepare a Schedule and Follow It

When you’re starting your IAS preparation from your home there’s always the danger of falling in the comfort zone and becoming complacent. That’s why you need to prepare a 10-12 month preparation plan on how you will cover the entire General Studies syllabus so that it helps in the Prelims as well as the Mains. The next step is to divide your time between paper 1 and 2. Since Paper 2 of Prelims is only qualifying in scope you can devote far more time to Paper 1 (general studies) preparation. If you’re preparing full time I will suggest you devote 7 hours to Paper 1 daily and 2-3 hours to Paper 2. In Paper 1, you should devote 30-60 minutes to reading newspapers and current affairs.

You should devote your remaining time to covering the various topics like History. Geography, Polity etc.

#6 Test Your Preparation

Even if you’re preparing for the IAS exam from the comfort of your home, you should drill this fact in your mind that your preparation can never be complete unless and until you test your preparation. This is all the more important if you are starting your IAS preparation from your home without any coaching. But why test at all? Simply because unless you attempt mock tests on IAS pattern you will not know whether your preparation is on the right track or not. You will not be able to identify your weak and strong areas and work on those weak areas. You will not learn proper time management skills and skills to tackle negative marking. Hence the need to attempt mock tests for IAS exam.

If you have any query on how to start IAS preparation from home or outside it, you can ask in the comments below. I will be happy to answer them.

Also Read: Complete IAS Preparation Resources

Recommended Reference Books

GS Solved Papers
General Studies Manual
Manorama Year Book
Oxford Student Atlas

Recommended Topic Books for IAS

Indian Polity Laxmikanth
Ecology and Environment
Struggle for Independence
Brief History of Modern India
Indian Art and Culture
Certificate Course in Geography

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I am your friend, mentor and guide to help crack the IAS exam. I've cleared the Prelims 4 times in a row and also reached the IAS Interview. I am passionate about General Studies and have scored 377/600 in GS Mains paper (old pattern).

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 28 comments
mahek harwani

I am cofused that which course should I take after 10 to be an ias officer. Could you pls help me. In taking the decision.

lk anand

respected sir/madam

i am a beginer and i need ur help in understanding the nature and prep of exam.kindly help me through this

Zara Khatoon

Hii sir,
I have completed my engineering.Now before I start my preparation at home I want to know what should I prepare first prelims or mains.


    you have to prepare for Prilims only. You will face tough competition during prelims. So prepare strongly for prelims exam.According to my knowledge mains syllabus is also somewhat same as prelims.
    More competition for prelims due to more number of aspirants.(Nearly 5 lacks aspirants).
    Less competition for mains(You will compete with around 35000 competitors)
    After the mains, you will call for interview if you crack mains.

    Hope this information helps you.All the best for your bright future.


    You should prepare for prelims mains then interview


Hi Vimlaksh,
My name is MahendraReddy,I completed BBM,I am 24 yrs old & recently married. Now I am working in BPO company, Achieving IAS is my dream & I decided to make it true.Last time I made an attempt after 6 months preparation with the help of my friend, who is getting coaching because I can’t afford money. But failed, today evening I watched this article, will you please guide me for preparing from the core.


Hi .. Myself M.Akshayaa I m 21 years old.I have completed my bsc zoology UG degree this year.From childhood my aim is to become an IAS officer.But I cant take further steps because of my background. I think I m full fledged to start the preparation from now. I m so confused that where to start,what are all the materials,how to begin.I would like prepare from home hence I cant afford money. So will you please guide me .. through it from the beginning .

Uday Kumar D C

Hello i am an upsc aspirant , completed my degree just now.
I want to prepare from home & i’m not able to tackel the subjects as i get missed out easily , how is it best to study ???
1. Subject wise like finishing polity(Lakmikanth) full & then jump to other subjects or 2. Assign specific time for each subject each day???!!! please ur suggestions will be valuable!

Garima nigam

Hello sir/mam, I am a 28 years old married women and I want to crack an upsc exam from my own studies . Will you help me to choose the subjects while I have completed my (Electronics) in 2012. And help me to how I start my studies for this.

Ashish Dangare

Sir, I am final year of graduation and new aspirant of an ias,I want to start my preparation so what’s my first step to study? Should I start with ncert or any other important…..


    Ncerts are recommended to get going and get a hang of the fundamentals. Then you can refer other books.


Thanks for sharing excellent tips to crack IAS Exam.Great article !


    Thanks sreejit!


Hello, I have completed in computer science, Now I am doing preparation of UPSC.
Could u tell me How to prepare online daily news, current affairs, study materials etc…

Kamlesh kumar

Sir i am currently doing a job in govt department, but i want to crack upsc exam my current age is 28 and i was an average studdent . Can i start preperation with continuing my job please guide me.


Sir , my present age is 19 and I want to start preparation for IAS exam so please tell me from where to start?


I want to know which stream I should take after class 10 for IAS?
Please help me to decide so


    Hi Riya ,
    Are you in 10 std?


Sir ,ma present age is 19 and I want to start prepartion for IASexam so please tell me sir from where to start?


    YOU will first know the syllabus and the pattern of exam and then you should test your mind whether that syllabus you will have any awareness or not,,, that is my first suggestion


sir, i am a final year student of BTech mechanical engineering.
I would like to prepare doubt is recently I got campus placement I thought that by joining in campus and in free time I like to prepare soo whether it is good or bad please guide me.


Hello sir..Which language is better to attempt IAS exam? English or kannada pls suggest me the right one


Hello sir..Which language is better to attempt IAS exam? English or kannada pls suggest me the right one. I am just 15


I want to know how to prepare I.A.S Exam


i m in 11 yet. i want to know which course I need to prepare BSC BBA BA which help me for ias

Jay patel

I’m veterinary student,and I’m preparing for ias so can you tell me sir veterinary as main subject is better or not ??

Rs Jha


My age is 24 I want to prepair UPSC exam my self at home because I don’t have a time to join classes,I my doing job.

I have completed my graduation (Accounts).Now I want to prepair for UPSC exam
I want you to please guide me best ncert IAS book for study.

Chittepu Nithisha

Sir I am 20 and this is my first year of my mbbs can i start preparing for upsc right from now or after some years if so what’s the syllabus and can please tell me all the details sir


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