India on 27th May declared that India has successfully test-fired an anti-satellite (A-SAT) missile by destroying a live satellite in space. The mission was titled as Mission Shakti and was led by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The purpose of the mission was to strengthen India’s entire security.
Important Facts regarding Mission Shakti
- The A-SAT system, developed by the DRDO, was able to successfully destroy a live satellite positioned in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO).
- What makes this achievement significant is the fact that India is only the fourth country after the U.S., Russia and China to possess the A-SAT technology.
- India has made clear that the purpose of “Mission Shakti” is to defend India’s space resources and not to initiate an arms race in space.
- The domestic development of the A-SAT technique will have many advantages that India can make use of for civilian and commercial purposes.
- The Mission Shakti test was conducted from the Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex off the coast of Odisha by the DRDO.
- According to the scientists, since the test was carried out in the lower atmosphere, whatever debris that was generated by the collision will decay and regress onto the Earth within a few weeks.
- It should also be noted that Mission Shakti does not breach the 1967 Outer Space Treaty of which India is a signatory. The 1967 treaty forbids just the use of weapons of mass destruction in outer space and not ordinary weapons.
The ASAT test was not oriented against any country. India’s space facilities neither imperil any country nor are they targeted against anyone. But as a supplementary benefit, the capacity accomplished through the anti-satellite missile test confers reliable deterrence in the face of perils to India’s increasing space-based properties from long-range missiles and expansion in the varieties and quantity of missiles .