TMH General Studies Manual Review: Must Have Books for IAS Preparation

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

GS manual for Prelims paper 1 and 2

Are you looking for a companion that will provide all the topics of Prelims Paper 1 and 2 syllabus in one place? One that you can easily go through and revise before the Prelims? Tata McGraw Hill (TMH), a renowned name in educations books including books for IAS exam, has come out with with two guides that claim to fulfill the above requirements of IAS aspirants. The General Studies for Civil Services Preliminary Examination for Paper 1 and CSAT GS for Civil Services Preliminary Examination Paper 2. But how good are these manuals, do they fulfill the basic requirement of extensive syllabus coverage along with easy readability and accurate information? Let’s find out. But first let’s answer a basic question:

Do You Need a Reference Manual for Prelims?

This is a often asked question by IAS aspirants and it will be prudent to answer this first. A reference manual like the TMH Manuals for Paper 1 and Paper 2 cover all the topics listed in the Prelims syllabus along with practice question sets. The advantage of such a manual is you get all the information at one place. But is such a collection adequate or do you need to refer other books as well? For some topics you will not need to refer other books, like in the topics mentioned below in the review, while for some others you are required to read additional books (listed below). But without doubt such a manual helps to revise very quickly before the Prelims when it is not possible to refer a dozen or more books in a short time of 15 or 20 days. Another advantage is that some information like GK bits that are difficult to find or too time consuming to look up can be easily found in such reference manuals for Prelims. Plus, if you read the CSAT Manual review for Paper 2 in the end I have stated that no other book is required for Paper 2 other than the CSAT Manual. So with this important question answered, let’s get on with the review.

CLICK HERE to view recommended Books for IAS in a lowest-price-comparison format. This will save your time researching online.

TMH General Studies Manual for Paper 1

The TMH GS Manual is legendary among IAS aspirants and requires no introduction. It is one of the first books I recommend in my article on Books for Prelims (or CSAT). Why so? Simply because, although a guide cannot replace the basic books that you have to refer, it surely is handy when it comes to finding information on all subjects and topics at one place. Also some topics don’t require us to read NCERT books or other books; in such case the TMH GS manual is sufficient. But the most important use of such a  General Studies manual is during revision before the Prelims when you cannot go through all the books, especially since it is vital to take mock tests, the GS manual can be a real time saver by helping you revise quickly.

Recommended Books for IAS

Get all the recommended Books for IAS Prelims and Mains exam in one place. Only the essential books for your UPSC preparation are listed on this page. Click Here

Another plus of this guide for Paper 1 is that it contains a module on current events as well. You can even practice tests with the sample papers, as well as refer past year’s solved prelims papers. The content is divided into the following sections:

  • History of India
  • Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography
  • Indian Polity and Governance
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change
  • General Science
  • General Knowledge
  • Current Events
  • Two Practice Test Papers
  • Previous Years’ Question Papers 2007-2012

As can be seen all the topics in Paper 1 syllabus are covered here and they also provide 2 practice tests on the Prelims pattern with similar difficulty. There are many practice questions included after each section as well to provide you ample practice and opportunity for to test yourself.

Content Boxes and Easy Language

Useful Content Boxes

The first thing that strikes you as you flip the pages are the content boxes containing important facts or summarizing a topic. These boxes are there in all sections and are a very welcome addition since you immediately glance at the information contained in it even when just skipping past the other information. Also another advantage of the TMH General Studies Manual is the easy-to-read error-free language. Grammatical mistakes every now then, which are the hallmark of books from UPSCPortal.com, can put off readers. Fortunately the language is simple and lucid. Also the answers to practice questions are quite accurate. But then, this is expected of a reputed publisher like TMH.

Now let’s review the important sections briefly.

Indian History

Indian History is divided into 2 sections – History of India covering the period from Ancient period till end of 19th Century and Indian National Movement covering the period from early 20th Century till the post-Independence phase. Although History coverage was not as good as their Geography material in the earlier editions, the current edition does a pretty good job at explaining Indian History. Even then, some topics like Buddhism seem rushed and more elaborate coverage would have been appreciated since UPSC tends to ask quite a few questions on Buddhism regularly.

Historical maps pertaining to the Mauryan empire, Delhi Sultanate etc. are included to give a proper understanding of the historical context. Even diagrams of family lineages are depicted which is very useful for sequence-based questions in Prelims.

Coming to Indian National Movement, although all major events are covered as well as the post-Independence phase of integration of princely states you will still need to refer the primary books like Bipin Chandra’s India’s Struggle for Independence. After all you cannot expect an entire book to be condensed in a few pages. This is after all, a reference manual but it does not replace the need to refer the primary books; at least not in the case of Modern Indian History.

Good Coverage of Indian and World Geography

I’ve always felt that Geography is the most well presented and explained portion in the TMH GS Manual and it’s no exception in this edition as well. All topics in Geography like Economic, Physical, Human are covered well along with detailed maps like those in the Oxford Student Atlas. In the section on Economic Geography the latest Census data is also included along with other important data relating to tribal and racial groups etc. In fact, of you’re short of time only referring the TMH GS Manual will be adequate in relation to the geography syllabus. It’s that good.

Indian Polity and Governance

Polity plays an important part in the Prelims and you can expect anywhere between 8-15 questions on it. The TMH General Studies Manual covers Indian Polity quite extensively including the tricky topics like Panchayati Raj, Emergency and Amendments. In fact all the amendments till the latest one are listed. It also discuses the current issues in focus like Electoral Reforms, Women’s Representation and so on. You will still need to refer a good book for bare acts though and I recommend PM Bakshi’s Constitution of India for this purpose.

Indian Economy in the TMH GS Manual

Economy is another important topic and facts and figures should be on your finger tips. The Indian Economy coverage in TMH Manual is not so satisfactory. Although it does not explain the fundamentals of Economy like Stock Market, Banking in detail other topics like Planning, Women Empowerment, Budgeting, Social and Welfare Schemes have been covered well. Even demographic and social data is included for your reference. I will advise you to supplement this with the Economic Survey of India published by Oxford University Press that contains a wealth of economic data in tabulated form.

Ecology, Bio-Diversity and Climate Change

These topics as you might know are constantly in the news and thus have been included in the new Prelims syllabus by UPSC. Good news is that TMH has added a separate section on these 3 topics in the reference manual for Paper 1. Each of the 3 topics have been tackled comprehensively and a lot of supplementary information is included as well. Another plus is that there are separate questions  on Ecology, Bio-Diversity and Climate Change after each topic. For aspirants who want to know a good source for tackling this section, TMH GS Manual is good enough.

Extensive Coverage of General Science

The Science portion has always been a plus point of getting the TMH Reference Manual and its no different this year as well. Every topic has been dealt comprehensively and separately under the Physics, Chemistry, and Biology sub-sections. Useful tables on vitamin, diseases, deficiencies etc. are also included. Plenty of explanatory diagrams are thrown in as well to aid learning. If you cover General Science well from the TMH GS Manual you will not require to refer other books for this purpose.

The General Knowledge Section is Pretty Good

Yes, the TMH GS Manual has an extensive section on General Knowledge. It starts with information on the different Indian States and contains useful info on the Indian Space Programme. Awards and Honours, Dams, Rivers, Lakes, Languages etc. Important International Organisations are also covered. GK has always been a crucial component of the Prelims paper and together with the Manorama Year Book, the TMH Manual is good combination for building up your General Knowledge.

Useful Coverage of Current Events

Although aspirants tend to focus on the past 10 months or so current events they should know that nowadays UPSC is asking questions related to events that occurred years back. And this is where the Current Events section in the TMH GS Manual will help you. It covers events from January till August this year, both domestic as well as international. So if you continue from this period onwards you will have a good collection of current bits on events that occurred 1-15 months prior to the Prelims.

All in all, the TMH GS Manual for Paper 1 is highly recommended for beginners as well as experienced IAS aspirants alike. It will add real value to your preparation and revision and for certain topics like Geography and Science can completely eliminate the need for a standard text book and other books. If you still haven’t got this book, I strongly suggest you get it and start reading it at the earliest.


TMH CSAT Manual for Paper 2

For a while I used to suggest three different books for Prelims paper 2, popularly known as CSAT, but not anymore. Now that TMH has come out with a separate reference manual for CSAT you don’t need to refer other books since the quality of this book is excellent. Let us review it briefly.

The TMH CSAT Manual is divided into 7 sections:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
  • Decision Making and Problem Solving
  • General Mental Ability
  • Basic Numeracy and Data Interpretation
  • English Language Comprehension Skills

As you can see the book not only covers the Prelims Paper 2 syllabus in detail but even goes beyond and is useful for other competitive exams as well. Each section starts with an introduction to the topic followed by detailed solved questions where steps to solve the particular problem type are included. After you gain confidence in tackling that question type, you are expected to take the exercise that follows. But that’s not all.  Detailed solutions are provided for each question at the end so there is no confusion left in your mind.

The advantage of the TMH CSAT Manual is the accuracy of the answers. While some other reference manuals are doubtful at best when it comes to accurate answers, this is never an issue with TMH books and the CSAT Manual is no exception.

I particularly liked the section on Decision Making and Problem Solving from where 7 questions are usually asked in every Prelims that carry no  negative penalty and should therefore be attempted. In this topic various question types that could be asked are listed followed by detailed explanation of each type and tips to answer them. The basic premise followed in the Manual for Decision Making is that certain Principles or Values are tested in the question and a corresponding Rationale or Reasoning is is required to pick the correct option. Once you follow this method you can then develop a sound judgement required by UPSC of civil servants and will then be able to get most of the answers correct.

Some of the often asked question types like Probability, Permutation and Combination, Venn Diagram, Distance and Time, Family Relations are also covered well in this book. But this is not all. The TMH CSAT Manual also contains 20 solved practice paper sets each containing 80 questions. After going through so many questions I doubt you can’t crack the Prelims with flying colours.

Summarizing, I feel TMH CSAT Manual for Paper 2 is a one-stop solution for your Paper 2 needs with detailed explanation in a simple manner and more than adequate practice questions. If you want to refer just one book for Prelims paper 2, go with this one.

I hope this review of the best reference manuals for Prelims paper 1 and 2 will be useful to you. I would like to hear your responses and experiences with these and other books in the comments below.

Reference Books for IAS

GS Solved Papers
General Studies Manual
Manorama Year Book
Oxford Student Atlas
Science and Technology

Topic-wise Books for IAS

Indian Polity Laxmikanth
Ecology and Environment
India's Struggle for Independence
Brief History of Modern India
Indian Art and Culture
Certificate Course in Geography


I am the content head at IASKracker.com. But, I am foremost your friend, mentor and guide to help you crack the IAS exam. I have cleared the Prelims 4 times in a row and also reached the IAS Interview. I have been guiding hundreds of IAS Aspirants since 2009 to help realize their dream of cracking the IAS exam.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 76 comments
bas - November 27, 2012

Is there any difference between hindi and english Tmh gs manual?

    Vimlaksh - November 28, 2012

    No there is none. Go with the one you find most comfortable reading.

Akshay - November 27, 2012

Hello Sir,

I am preparing for my UPSC Exam from for 2013 from the books I purchased last year. I have General Studies Paper 1 and 2 from 2012 apart from the other books which you had suggested. Do I need to buy these two books to update myself of all the recent developments or are the 2012 books enough? Are there any other books I can buy to update myself of all the recent and important developments?

Thank you.

    Vimlaksh - November 28, 2012

    Hi Akshay,

    If you already have the 2012 version you need not buy the latest edition as it has the same content more or less. If you don’t have a book for Paper 2 then consider getting TMH CSAT Manual for P2.

Anurag - December 2, 2012

Hello sir,
I am a pre-final year engineering student and an aspirant of civil service.I am from computer science branch and aiming for 2014 civil service examination.I have no idea how to start the preparation. Can u please guide me in this reference.I want your suggestion regarding following issues-
1) I should start my preparation with respect to Mains examination or Pre-lims examination.
2) What should i focus for General Studies.
3) I have chosen my first optional as Indian Polity,but unable to decide my second Optional .
4) I am currently in a remote area where my college is situated so i have no access to good coaching institutes.

    Vimlaksh - December 13, 2012

    Pls refer to the post on starting your IAS preparation on blog.iaskracker.com

Raghu Bv - December 2, 2012

Dear sir, i am preparing for csat-2013. i have already purchased maximum no. of idividual books i.e separate books for each subjects (history, geography etc……….) . so, my question is , is it required to purchase TMH 1&2 books too. ….. plz suggest me. thank u

    Vimlaksh - December 13, 2012

    There is no compulsion. If you feel all the info is present in the individual books you can skip reference manual.

Megha - December 2, 2012

Hello Sir,
I have already purchased CSAT manual from Arihant publication. So, should I also busy TMH paper 2 manual as well? Is there any difference?

    Vimlaksh - December 13, 2012

    If you already have a book for CSAT, no need to buy a new one. Arihant’s CSAT Manual is quite good.

BALAJI S - January 8, 2013

Hello Sir,

CSAT paper-I is it useful for prelims or both mains as well as prelims.

rinki madnani - January 11, 2013

I am a newcomer for studies like upsc.i want some advice for which books to refre.

vini - January 12, 2013

i already purchased disha publication book for paper-2 so should i also buy this tmh paper-2???

omprakash - January 19, 2013

I have already purchase a unique quittenssence manual for CSAT. SO is there need to purchase tata mcgraw hill manual for CSAT?
i Want to also know that from which std we need to refer NCERT BOOKS FOR preliminary?

aayushi - January 21, 2013

sir lam in 6 semester of computer science engineering and now i would i to start preparation for las exam and which subject is best for me as optional subject as lam engineering background….? and 1 more question is that after be gate certificate is required or not…?waiting for your reply thank you

Anurag - January 21, 2013

Dear Sir,

I am a working person and now finally decided to prepare for Civil Services. I have few doubts i mind please clear them for me-

1) As I am working i feel studing from seperate books is very tough for me in this case should I only study from TMH Manual 1 and 2, will this be sufficient.

2) I have doubt that if I start studing from nowonwards then clearing IAS relims 2013 is tough task as I am left with very less time, do you also think so or the time is enough to clear the exam .
kindly reply.

Lake.Chaitanya kumar - April 7, 2013

please recommend some books of English for civil services examination

    Vimlaksh - April 12, 2013

    You mean for Literature optional?

ravi kandeyang - April 9, 2013

i already purchased a Perason UPSC refernce manual do i have to buy TMH.

    Vimlaksh - April 12, 2013

    No 🙂

anilkumar - April 14, 2013

reading tmh gs manual is sufficient for gs? plz reply
thanx …..

Damanpreet Kaur - May 10, 2013

I am in final year of b-tech(computer science branch). I want to prepare for IAS but don’t know how to start?
Please help me out in starting the preparation and please help me out in selecting optional subjects.
I am a newcomer to civil services exams.

Raghu - May 11, 2013

dear sir. TMH manuals are sufficient for prelims preparation? or v should purchase other books too? plz clarify. thanks

tanya - May 30, 2013

sir in coaching it is recommended to buy unique csat book instead of tmh as tmh dont contains pcs material is it true…??? and 1 more thing ur ebook is nt yet sended to my mail..??

antony - June 30, 2013

Sir i belongs to tamilnadu? where can i buy the books specially TMGH …….suggest me some websites………….

raj - August 11, 2013

sir, when will general studies paper 1 TMH 2014 be published? or in more general,in which month does TMH usually publish their TMH paper 1 ?.do you think the content of economy and other sections will improve or made better in next edition,since you said that some sections are very poor in current edition(2013).The reason i am asking is that,i am in dilemma whether to buy TMH 2013 or wait till the 2014 is published?.Right now, i am in my college,and will appear in CSE 2016,so i can wait a little longer.i can’t afford buying both 2013 and later editions.so, will the new content be worth the wait?.i know it sounds a bit silly and foolish.but please do reply.thank you.

psk - August 16, 2013

sir in which tmh book i will get a good collection of practice
?s for cs prelims.

KARTIK BADAL - August 16, 2013

sir i am already having rs agarwal quantitative aptitude and verbal and non verbal reasoning book.
should i buy tmh csat paper 2 book or not??

simer - August 19, 2013

sir iam in btech final yr iam starting for ias . i have passed 10 from icse board . should i straightway go for TMH General Studies Manual or start with ncert books .iam also having ARIHANT General Knowledge 2013 ,is that sufficient or i should also take TMH General Studies Manual.

gama - October 24, 2013

Hllo sir,,i m studying mbbs (1st year) in mkcg medical colg,berhampur,odisha.I want to be an ias officer,,though its very difficult to preapare during mbbs but i took dis as a challenge,,,i don’t knw abt d recommended book for ias ,,if u will give some tips abt preparation then i will remain grateful 2 u sir

MANJUNATH - November 2, 2013

I am an electrical engineering student.Can you please suggest me if taking electrical as my optional is a good idea or not?I’ve heard that scoring good marks is not so easy with it.

Aspirant of IAS - November 2, 2013

does this book have any sought of difference between other manuals.
Please guide us. Which is website more good for current affairs.
I’m back again in my starting line of preparation.

    Vimlaksh - November 9, 2013

    This is better than other manuals as far as depth, quality, accuracy are concerned.

Rakesh - November 9, 2013

currently i am Scientist in ISRO. i want to wite IAS. tell me which new paper is good for hindi medium.

waseem noor - November 11, 2013

HELLO SIR…kindly tell me about the arihant gs manaul for ias(2014 version)…would it be good to study it,,,,leaving tmh,pearson as i found it very attractive….

mona - November 15, 2013

Can u plz recommend me should i go for TMH 2013 or 2014 edition.

    Vimlaksh - November 15, 2013

    Go for the latest 2014 edition.

naag - November 22, 2013

is TMH suffice to clear prelims and g.s(mains)

Baijnath - November 23, 2013

Sir actualy i’m in b.tech. 2nd year decided to prepare for upsc so please sir sugest me for best books for Gs

naina surpurkar - January 3, 2014


Bandita Das - February 7, 2014

sir i will appear for cs 2015. How to start with? I mean should i start from NCERT books and GS manual. what to do please guide me.

Skitworm - February 20, 2014

Hi Vimlaksh,

I think you are doing a commendable job of giving away all of this good advice. Thanks and keep up the good job. My prayers with you. 🙂


    Vimlaksh - February 26, 2014

    Thanks skit

amit - February 26, 2014

hello sir,

I m done with the ncert portion in geography please suggest me for further enhancing which book is best and contain maximum part of geography, confuse in the following books :-

D Khullar
Indian and world geography by Majid Hussain
Savinder Singh and also suggest same above issue in Polity also

Indian Polity by M Lakshmikant
DD Basu
Subhash Kashyap
Arihant/TMH Publication

    Vimlaksh - February 26, 2014

    Hello Amit,

    Are you referring to Geography for Prelims or Mains? For pre, go with Physical Geography by Goh Cheng Leong. In Polity go with Subhash Kashyap

Jawahar - March 12, 2014

Hello Sir,
I am Jawahar.G. I had completed my Civil Engineering Last year and went to job for past six months. I am unsatisfied with the work.. So, I had decided to prepare for the competative exams. Appearing IAS exam is my Long time Goal.. I searched through the NET for the materials and guidance area, where I saw your website IAS KRACKER.com.. it is quite interesting One. here i can find the things i needed..

First of all i Want to thank you for doing this kind of Great job..

Because Motivation is the greatest thing in this world….

Thanks A lot for Making This website like “A TREE FULL OF FRUITS”. It makes everyone to taste the future…

…***JAI HIND***…

ved prakash - March 24, 2014

sir, suggest me the name of book & author for cse pre. & main examination for general studies papers..


divya - April 14, 2014

hi sir!!!
i am a working professional and also preparing for UPSC.but quite confused,where to start from??? pls guide me,specially for mains.

Brahmadatta sharma - April 20, 2014

Dear sir,
is GS manual 1 also available in hindi or not.

    Vimlaksh - April 22, 2014

    No it’s not

Manu - May 14, 2014

Is arihant cast paper 2 book is good, I have bought this or should I go for tmh
Plz reply

vivek - May 17, 2014

Sir please enlist the mistakes from mc grawhill 2014 general studies paper 1, there are lots of mistakes. Sir please do t needful asap.

ram - June 13, 2014

sir sugggest me best books to prepare prelims for2015

shaik wasim akram - June 24, 2014

Thanks for your valuable information sharing with us……………..

    Vimlaksh - June 29, 2014

    The pleasure’s mine!

      Gaurav - August 6, 2014

      Sir i am about to prepare for csat 2015 from now . I was just wondering a relative of mine who is also a high court judge told me that ‘general studies for paper 1 by unique publications is quite good, you dont need any other material’.

      So which one would you say is good TMH or UNIQUE ???


ajay - June 25, 2014

Dear sir Can u pls help me to know recommended books for IAS pre and mains.

Abhishek - June 27, 2014

does Gs manual available in hindi? and gujarati?

munna kumar - July 1, 2014

sir suggest me abook how to crack rc passeges of csat-2 as i am facing most problems in these passeges due to less understanding&others problems

munna kumar - July 1, 2014

sir plz suggest me a book for “RC” passeges of csat-2 because i am facing most problem in these passege .

Prasad - July 3, 2014

Namaste Vimlakshji. A thick book of General Studies Manual for Civil service Preiminary by Manohar Pandey is sufficient? Is it good book of GS manual?


This book is very cheap and saves money.

The history (+culture) section GS manuals is written based on old NCERT to add a few books from history optional. It covers the whole syllabus and conceptual understanding and in-depth knowledge.

Gaurav - August 6, 2014

Sir i am about to prepare for csat 2015 from now . I was just wondering a relative of mine who is also a high court judge told me that ‘general studies for paper 1 by unique publications is quite good, you dont need any other material’.

So which one would you say is good TMH or UNIQUE ???


Sanjay - August 20, 2014

Im preparing for prelim 2015 plz tel me study material upsc prelim

akbir - December 3, 2014

sir, can u please tell me which one would be a better option between the two for complete preparation of upsc prelims exam ?? 1) Tata Mcgrawhill GS + CSAT or 2)NCERT Books ???

uday - September 21, 2015

Hello sir,
Plz refers me preapring books names which are best for mains all papers with geography optinal subject

Nithya - October 4, 2015

Hello Sir,
My question is whether this book(TMH Manual- GS ,Economy, Polity, History) is enough for my preparation towards mains..

Mokshada Laddha - October 8, 2015

Which manual should i refer for preparation for csat preliums.
Online websites which will update me every latest news related to upsc…
Please reply

shubham - December 11, 2015

hello sir , I want to prepare for civil services examination ,Is TMH preliminary books good book for examination purpose and completely cover all areas in both papers ?

    shadab - May 17, 2018

    Geography must read cosmo publ. (Barnwal)

kumar - March 13, 2016

Sir, is it necessary to buy both GS books? for successful prelims preparation’

abahy ubale - August 26, 2016

Srp zz ….recomment indain forest service …books mainy nature conservation

swatidiwaker - January 7, 2017

which book is good for prelims as a objective question in hindi i have notes but i want to more prepare sharplly…..

Radhika - April 15, 2017

Hello, I got a little doubt over how and from where do i buy this manual for Science? Can somebody dissolve this issue?


Leave a Reply: